Thursday, 23 June 2011

Gayatri Chalisa, Goddess Gayatri and History of Gayatri Mantra

Gayatri Chalisa, Goddess Gayatri and History of Gayatri Mantra

by Mantra & shlokas on Thursday, July 22, 2010 at 3:40pm


!!GAYATRI CHALISA !!
!!GAYATRI CHALISA !!

HRIM SHRIM KLIM MADHYA PRABHAA
JEEVANA JYOTI PRACHAND
SHAANTI, KRANTI, JAGRUTA, PRAGATI,
RACHANAA, SHAKTI AKHAND

JAGAT JANANI MANGAL KARANI
GAYATRI SUKHDHAAM,
PRANAVOM SAVITRI SWADHAA
SWAHAA PURANA KAAM

AUM BHUR BHUVAH SWAH YUTA JANAI
GAYATRI NITA KALIMALA DAHANI. 1
AKSHAR CHAUBIS PARAMA PUNITAA
INMEN BASEN SHASTRA SHRUTI GEETAA. 2

SHAASHWATA SATOGUNI SATAROOPAA
SATYA SANATANA SUDHA ANOOPAA. 3
HAMSAAROODHA SITAAMBER DHAARI
SWARNA KAANTI SHUCHI GAGANA BIHAARI. 4

PUSTAKA PUSHPA KAMANDALU MAALAA
SHUBHRA VARNA TANU NAYANA VISHALAA. 5
DHAYANA DHARATA PULKITA HIYA HO -1
SUKHA UPAJATA DOOHKH DURMATI KHO - 1-.6

KAAMDHENU TUM SUR TARU CHHAAYA
NIRAAKAAR KI ADBHUTA MAYAA .7
TUMAHARI SHARAN GAHAI JO KO - 1
TARAI SAKAL SANKATA SON SO - 1.8

SARASWATI LAKSHMI TUM KALI
DIPAI TUMHARI JYOTI NIRAALI.9
TUMHARI MAHIMAA PAARA NA PAVAI
JO SHARADA SHATA MUKH GOONA GAVAI.10

CHAARA VEDA KI MAATU PUNITA
TUMA BRAHMANI GAURI GITA. 11
MAHAA MANTRA JITANAY JAGA MAAHIN
KO-U GAAYATRI SAMA NAHIN.12

SUMIRATA HIYA MEIN GYANA PRAKASHAAI
AALASA PAAPA AVIDYAA NASAI. 13
SRISHTI BEEHJA JAGA BHAWAANI
KAALA RAATARI VARADAA KALYAANI. 14

BRAHMA VISHNU RUDRA SURA JAY TAY
TUM SON PAVEN SURATAA TAT TAY. 15
TUM BHAKTANAKI BHAKTA TUMHAREN
JANANIHIN PUTRA TAY PYAARAY. 16

MAHIMA APARAMPAARA TUMHARI
JAYA JAYA TRIPADAA BHAYAHAARI. 17
POORITA SAKALA GYAANNA VIGYAANAA
TUM SAMA ADHIKA NA JAGAMEIN AANAA. 18

TUMAHIN JAANI KACHHU RAHAI NA SHESHAA
TUMAHIN PAAYA KACHHU RAHAI NA KALESAA. 19
JAANATA TUMAHIN TUMAHIN HAN JAAI
PAARASA RARISA KUDHATU SUHAI. 20

TUMHAARI SHAKTI DIPAI SABA THAI
MAATAA TUMA SABA THORA SAMAI. 21
GRAHA NAKSHATRA BHRAMANDA GHANAYRAY
SUBA GATIVAANA TUMHARAY PRERAY. 22

SAKALA SRISHTIKI PRANA VIDHAATA
PAALAKA POSHAKA NAASHAKA TRATAA. 23
MAATESHWARI DAYAA VARTA DHAARI
TUM SANA TARAY PAATAKI BHAARI. 24

JAAPARA KRIPAA TUMHAARI HO -
TAAPARA KRIPA KAREN SABA KO-.25
MANDA BUDDHI TAY BUDDHI BALA PAAVAY
ROGI ROGA RAHIGTA HO JAAVAY.26

DAARIDRA MITAI KATAI SUBA PIRAA
NAASHAI DUHKH HARAI BHAYA PHIRAA. 27
GRIHA KALESHA CHITTA CHINTAA BHAARI
NAASAI GAAYATRI BHAYA HAARI. 28

SANTATI HEENA SUSANTATI PAAVEN
SUKHA SAMPATI YUTA MODA MANAVAY. 29
BHOOTA PISHAACHA SABAI BHAYA KHAAVEN
YAMA KAY DOOTA NIKATA NAHIN AAVAY. 30

JO SADHAVAA SUMIRAI CHITA LAAI
AKSHAYA SUHAGA SADAA SUKHADA-1. 31
GHARA VARA SUKH PRADA LAHAI KUMARI
VIDHAVAA RAHAY SATYA VRATA DHAARAI. 32

JAYATI JAYATI JAGADAMBA BHAVAANI
TUM SAMA AUR DAYAALU NA DAANI. 33
JO SADGURU SON DIKSHAA PAAVEN
SO SAADHANA KO SAFALA BANAAVEN. 34

SUMIRANA KARAY SURUCHI BADABHAAGI
LAHAI MANORATHA GRAHI VIRAAGI. 35
ASHTA SIDDDHI NAVA NIDHI KE DAATA
SABA SAMARATHA GAAYATRI MAATA. 36

RISHI MUNI JATI TAPASVI JOGI
AARATA ARTHI CHINTITA BHOGI. 37
JO JO SHARANA TUMAARI AAVEN
SO SO MANA VAANCHHITA FALA PAAVEN. 38

BALA BUDDHI VIDYAA SHEELA SWABHAU
DHANA VAIBHAVA YASHA TEJA UCHHAU. 39
SAKALA BADHEN UPAJAY SUKHA NAANAA
JO YAHA PAATHA KARAI DHARI DHYAANAA. 40

YAHA CHALISA BHAKTI YUTA
PAATHA KARAY JO KOY
TAA PAR KRIPAA PRASANNATAA
GAYATRI KI HO-Y

Goddess Gayatri and History of Gayatri Mantra

Gayatri Devi is an incarnation of Saraswati Devi, consort of Lord Brahma, symbolising the "shakti" (strength) and "dev" (quality) of Knowledge, Purity and Virtue. Saraswati Devi is held to be the patronness of the Arts, being a poet and musician, as well as skillful composer. In the form of Gayatri Devi, with the blessings of Lord Brahma, she is believed to have given the four Vedas to mankind.

Gayatri is depicted seated on a lotus. She is depicted with five faces representing the pancha pranas /pancha vayus(five lives/winds): prana, apana,vyana, udana, samana, of the five principles/ elements (pancha tatwas) earth, water, air, fire, sky (prithvi, jala, vayu, teja, aakasha). She has 10 hands carrying the five ayudhas: shankha; chakra, kamala, varada, abhaya, kasha, ankusha, ujjwala utensil, rudrakshi mala.

Gayatri, Savitri and Saraswati are three goddesses representing the presiding deities of the famous Gayatri mantra chanted thrice a day. Gayatri is the presiding deity of the morning prayer and rules over the Rigveda and the garhapatya fire. Every grihasta (householder) was expected to keep 5 or 3 sacred fires ( Five fires: ahavaneeya, dakshagni, garhapatya, sawta, aavasadha.) in his house to perform Vedic rituals.

In Sanskrit, there are definite rules that regulate poetry: rhyme and meter are not written whimsically. The Gayatri Mantra has a Vedic metre of 24 syllables. Amongst the regulated poetry, the Gayatri mantra, chanted by properly qualified persons, is the most prominent. The Gayatri mantra is mentioned in the Srimad Bhagavatam. Great sins are said to be expiated by a pious recitation of this Gayatri verse which reads as follows:

Om bhoor bhuvah svaha,
Tat Savitur varenyam,
Bhargo devasya dheemahi,
Dheeyo yonah prachodayat.

Gayatri mantra is meant for realization of God and is regarded as representing the Supreme Lord. It is meant for spiritually advanced people. Success in chanting it enables one to enter the transcendental position of the Lord. But, in order to chant the Gayatri mantra, it is necessary for one to first acquire the qualities of the perfectly balanced person in terms of the qualities of goodness according to the laws of material nature. The Gayatri mantra is considered to be the sonic incarnation of Brahman and is regarded as very important in Vedic civilization. In Bhagavadgita (Ch. 10. 35),

Lord Krishna states:

Brihat saama latha saamnaam
Gayatri chandasaam aham
Maasaanam maarga sirshoham
Ritunaam kusumaakaraha

Among the hymns, I am the Brihat saama sung to Lord Indra, Of the poetry, I am the Gayatri verse sung daily by the initiated, Of all the nuwsas (months), I am the margasira (November- December) Among all the ritus (seasons), I am the flower bearing - spring.

Hindu Temples across the world perform Gayatri havan (homam) periodically to propitiate the Lord. Ghee (rectified butter) is applied during the homa by all the participants seated around the homa-kunda.

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