Friday, 19 August 2011

Temple of Lord Varaha Narasimha Swamy, Simhachalam Temples of South India

Simhachalam is holy place located in visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh and is nearly 20 kms from the heart of the Vizag city also known as Vishakapatnam. The temple was constructed in 11th century by the then King Sri Krishnadevarayalu. The architecture of simhachalam temple is in close similarity with the konark sun temple locaed at Orissa. There is a great detail of carving on the temple walls, almost there isn't any place that isn't left untouched with out the rock carving. The sculptures of different animals that are carved on the walls reflect the exemplary art that flourished and the importance art was given at the relgious places of India.

The word Simhachalam originates from Simha and Chalam, Simha which means Lion, and Chalam stands for hill, thus the name Simhachalam literally means to as 'Hill of the Lion Lord'. Simhachalam is located at the hill top which is nearly at a height of 244 mts.This temple god is an incarnation of Maha Vishnu in the form of, Varaha Lakshminarasimha swamy.

Simhachalam has gained the recognition of being the second richest temple after Tirupati.

The image of lord narasimha resembles like the shivalinga which is completely covered with sandal paste as an act to control the anger of Lord Varaha Narasimha Swamy, who after, out of anger of killing Hiranya Kashyapa for his wrong deeds comes to this place. During the Chandana Visarjana ceremony which takes place once in a year i.e. in the month of May, the sandal paste will be removed on that day giving the devotees an opportunity to see the original statue (Nija Rupa) of Varaha narasimha swamy and that lasts until 12 hours there after again it is covered with Sandal Paste.

The original statue of the lord is in Tribhanga posture with depicts a lion head on a human torso along with two hands.

Other than offering monetary donations, the devotees also show their thanks to god by offering head tonsures.

Simhachalam temple lies on the Western front unlike a normal eastern facing entrance that symbolizes for prosperity which is evidently seen in most of the temples across India. The west-facing temple is actually to denote victory.

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