Friday, 2 September 2011

Gayatri Mantra

Gayatri Mantra : Many Gayatri Mantra
Gayatri Mantra is known to be the greatest Mantra. The Rishi of the yore composed different Mantra on the same meter as that of Gayatri on different manifestations of God. There are Nava Graha Gayatri also devoted to all the nine planets. The names of twenty of them are given below. These twenty Gayatri Mantra are apart from the Vaidik Gayatri Mantra - Aum Tat Savitur Varenyam Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo Yonah Prachodayaat. Read all these 24 Gayatri Mantra here.

(1) Shiv Gayatri (2) Brahmaa Gayatri (3) Kaam Dev Gayatri (4) Ganesh Gayatri (5) Hanumaan Gayatri (6) Yam Gayatri (7) Narasinh Gayatri (8) Hansaa Gayatri (9) Soorya Gayatri (10) Naaraayan Gayatri (11) Mahaalakshmee Gayatri (12) Agni Gayatri (13) Vishnu Gayatri (14) Durgaa Gayatri (15) Varun Gayatri (16) Raam Gayatri (17) Kaalee or Devee Gayatri (18) Indra Gayatri (19) Krishn Gayatri (20) Pushan Gayatri* (21) Sarp Gayatri

20* Pushan, the wife of Ganapati, also called Vaidik Devee, nourishes living beings. She is also a Maatrikaa (Maarkandeya Puraan, xxii, 13). Pushti is also a title of the Devee (Lalitaa Sahastra Naam, verse 94). This Gayatri Mantra is called Brahm Vidyaa Gayatri Mantra.

** There is a Pashu Gayatri also - "Pashu Paashaaya Vidmahe, Vishwa Karmane Dheemahi, Tanno Jeevah Prachodayaat". This Mantra is used in Devee worship. (Mahaanirvaan Tantra, p 121)

The [correct] name of this Mantra is Saavitree Mantra. That is how it is referred to in Rishi Nyaas, probably because the Devtaa's name we use in Dhyaan and Aavaahan.

Saavitryaa Rishi: Vishwaamitra:, Nichrit Gaayatree Chhanda:, Savitaa Devtaa The Vaidik Gayatri Mantra derives its name from the meter in which it is written, the Gayatri, being a Vaidik poetic meter of 24 syllables which, as per tradition, is authored by the sage Vishwaamitra. The Mantra consists of three sections (Pad) having eight syllables each and has to be recited in a particular cadence. Since this Mantra has been written in this way, it has been famous with this name only - otherwise there are many other Mantra also which are written in this Mantra style (Gayatri type of meter, see above), but they are not called Gayatri Mantra. Therefore the Gayatri Mantra is not a magic formula nor is merely a logical sentence. It connects in a very special way the objective and subjective aspects of Reality. It is neither a mere sound nor sheer magic.

Words have not only sound but also meaning which is not apparent to all those who simply hear the sound. Such living words have a power that can transcend the mental plane. To acquire this energy of the word one has to grasp not only its meaning but also its message, or its vibrations, as they are sometimes called in order. Therefore the phonetic quality of the Mantra demands that it be recited in a particular way. Faith, understanding and physical utterance as well as physical continuity (since the Mantra is supposed to be handed down by a master) are the essential requisites. Every word links up with the source of all words. The ultimate character of the Word (Shabd Brahm) is a fundamental concept in spirituality.

The Gayatri Mantra is written for Gayatri. It has a Vaidik meter of 24 syllables - 3 lines of 8 syllables each.  Surprisingly enough this Mantra is found in all the four Ved.

Om Bhoor Bhuvah Swa: Tat Savitur Varenyam,    Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi,   Dhiyo Yona: Prachodayaat

In this Mantra the first line is of Vyaahriti, and other three lines are of 8 syllables each making up 24 letters. This Mantra was constructed by Muni Vishwaamitra Jee. It is said in Shree Mad Bhaagvat Puraan that only the twice-born Braahman can do its Jaap or can recite it, but many people see it differently. They say that since this Mantra is to worship Soorya Dev (the Sun god), and anybody can worship Soorya Dev, so anybody can recite it.

The intrinsic message of the Gayatri Mantra engulfs a wide number of ideals such as what the Eesh Upanishad says:

Yastu sarvaani bhootanyatmanayay vamu
Pashyeti sarv bhooteshu cha aatmanam tato na
Vijugupsate yasiman sarvaani
Bhootanyaatmyvbhdi janata: tatra ko moh ka:

Shoka: ekatwa manu pashyta:

"He who sees all creatures in himself, himself in all creatures, does not show abhorrence to any one; knowing all beings to be one's own-self and seeing the unity of man-kind, how can there be for him delusions, sufferings and sorrows".
There is another version of the same Mantra in the traditional full Gayatri Chhand - by modifying Varenyam to Vareniyam. This version of Mantra which still has Gayatri Chhand is used only for Hom or Yagya.

Where it is Found

Saam Ved - 13-1462 Begins with "Tat Savitur Varenyam..."

Meaning of the Gayatri Mantra

Prachodayaat - enlightens

We meditate on the glory of the effulgent Sun God who enlightens our intellect.

Aum Bhoor Bhuvah Swa:,   Tat Savitur Varenyam

Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi May we meditate on the life giving divinity, Saavitree assuredly is God, and therefore I meditate on his splendor.

May He himself illumine our intelligence. May He himself breath it into us".

From the meaning of this Mantra, it seems that it is the prayer for knowledge

Shankh Smriti

For chanting, Gayatri Mantra is considered to be the best and for performing a "Hom" or "Havan" (offerings made to the sacrificial fire), Vyaahriti Havan is the best. Chanting of Gayatri Mantra for 108 times eliminates the sins which are committed daily, knowingly or unknowingly. Chanting of the Gayatri Mantra for 1,100 times (11 Maalaa) eliminates all the sins and chanting it for 10,000 times (110 Maalaa) gives salvation.

Who Can Chant Gayatri Mantra?
Gayatri is a universal symbol, it is for everybody. It can be chanted by anybody. It is best chanted with Praanaayaam, in the morning during sunrise, and in the evening during sunset with an empty stomach. The Sandhyaa Vandan routine is the best for Gayatri Jap since it obeys many injunctions like paying obeisance to various Rishi to whom this Mantra was revealed.

Shruti (Ved) says "na Gaayatreeya Paramo Mantrah" (there is no other Mantra greater than Gayatri) , "Gaayatrischhandasam Mate idam Brahm" (Gayatri is the Mother of all Mantra).
(this is as per Taitteeryopanishad - First Prashn) OM precedes Vyaahriti(s).
Now, if some one asks what is the logic behind Bhooh etc, representing a branch of Ved or the Devtaa, we have to tell that person there is no proof in theory but exists when practiced. This is similar to : one who has never known Laddoo, nor heard of it, makes an inquiry based on logic will never understand or it is impossible to prove the sweetness of Laddoo accurately; here the only way to prove is to make this person eat Laddoo to understand its sweetness.Three Pad of Gayatri represent Rig, Yajur and Saam Ved in that order.
Therefore, Mantra are experiential and are not mere words. No Rishi has ever claimed that he is the author of a Mantra or will; while they were in deep contemplation Mantra existing in Aakaash flashed to them. Again if one wants a proof (for flash of Mantra) or logic or theoretical proof, it is not possible but one can experience it in Saadhanaa.Like wise Om represents Brahm and from OM all Charaachar have emerged. If one ridicules by logic that sound cannot create an object, the only way to prove is to ask that person to meditate on Om to find oneself; or the Vyaahriti when meditated only can be proved not otherwise; while Gayatri, the whole Mantra, representing the Brahm Shakti (here it is awareness of its existence) cannot be proved in theory by logic, for this one has to be experienced. Even a million times of repeating the meaning of Gayatri cannot make one understand Gayatri but when Gayatri is meditated (Upaasanaa) upon, one will understand whatever is told by Ved about Gayatri is very right.
Why this lacuna? because Mantra are beyond mental comprehension, like the sweetness of Laddoo, but can be experienced. Proof of pudding is in the eating and not in logic theory. But is God experiential? the answer is No. God is not an object but is the subject and no duality is possible. The seeming duality is its power of Awareness manifested for us, the un-realized, as Maayaa which cannot be said either existing nor non-existing. It is like this: when we pass out a degree course primary school is not necessary for us while primary school still exists for the sake of future boys. So for a PhD primary school is non existing while for the future students primary still existing. Similarly for those who are aware of the Self as Aatmaa world doesn't exist and is a dream, while for those of us not in that level world still exists.
In case of experiential proof no theoretical proof is possible and those who search for logical proof will miserably fail. They are ignorant and not to be taken seriously as they do not practice for experiential as proof. Sagun Upaasanaa, Nirgun Upaasanaa, Bhakti, Karm and Gyaan all are in-built in Sandhyaa Vandan and this is the reason nothing will work without Sandhyaa worship. The State of Brahm is in Sandhi (like morning, noon and evening) aptly explained in Taitteerya Upanishad first Prashn.

Let us seek and NOT research; seeking is practical and experiencing fruits while research is partly beneficial up to the point of conviction; and once practiced at a certain point research will automatically cease and seeking alone will remain. That is the reason Krishn said about the Karm Yog in Geetaa, with fruits surrendered to Him and Bhakti for no benefits, will automatically lift one to Gyaan Yog like we leave the primary school automatically when we are done with it, while it is still required for others.

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